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CCIE Routing and Switching Official Exam Certification Guide, 2nd Edition

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  • Sample Content
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  • Copyright 2006
  • Dimensions: 7-3/8" x 9-1/8"
  • Pages: 1104
  • Edition: 2nd
  • Book
  • ISBN-10: 1-58720-141-0
  • ISBN-13: 978-1-58720-141-7

Assessment, review, and practice for the CCIE Routing and Switching written exam 350-001

The official study guide helps you master all the topics on the CCIE Routing and Switching written exam, including:

  • Bridging and LAN Switching
  • IP addressing, IP services, and TCP/IP protocol details
  • IP routing
  • Quality of service (QoS)
  • Frame Relay and Point-to-Point protocols
  • IP multicast
  • Security
  • Enterprise wireless mobility
  • General networking theory

CCIE Routing and Switching Official Exam Certification Guide, Second Edition, is a best of breed Cisco® exam study guide that focuses specifically on the objectives for the CCIE® Routing and Switching written exam. Senior instructor and best-selling author Wendell Odom shares preparation hints and test-taking tips, helping you identify areas of weakness and improve your routing and switching knowledge. Material is presented in a concise manner, focusing on increasing your understanding and retention of exam topics.

CCIE Routing and Switching Official Exam Certification Guide, Second Edition, presents you with an organized test preparation routine through the use of proven series elements and techniques. “Do I Know This Already” quizzes open each chapter and allow you to decide how much time you need to spend on each section. Exam topic lists and Foundation Summary tables make referencing easy and give you a quick refresher whenever you need it.

The companion CD-ROM contains a powerful testing engine that allows you to focus on individual topic areas or take complete, timed exams. The assessment engine also tracks your performance and provides feedback on a module by module basis, presenting question-by-question remediation to the text.

Well-regarded for its level of detail, assessment features, and challenging review questions and exercises, this completely revised and updated second edition helps you master the concepts and techniques that will enable you to succeed on the exam the first time.

CCIE Routing and Switching Official Exam Certification Guide, Second Edition, is part of a recommended learning path from Cisco Systems® that includes simulation and hands-on training from authorized Cisco Learning Partners and self-study products from Cisco Press. To find out more about instructor-led training, e-learning, and hands-on instruction offered by authorized Cisco Learning Partners worldwide, please visit www.cisco.com/go/authorizedtraining.

Companion CD-ROM

The CD-ROM contains an electronic copy of the book and more than 500 practice questions for the CCIE Routing and Switching exam, all available in study mode, test mode, and flash card format.

This volume is part of the Exam Certification Guide Series from Cisco Press®. Books in this series provide officially developed exam preparation materials that offer assessment, review, and practice to help Cisco Career Certification candidates identify weaknesses, concentrate their study efforts, and enhance their confidence as exam day nears.

Downloadable Sample Chapter

Download - 876 KB -- Chapter 11: IGP Route Redistribution, Route Summarization, and Default Routing

Table of Contents

                Introduction


Part I    Bridging and LAN Switching


Chapter 1       Ethernet Basics

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz

Foundation Topics

Ethernet Layer 1: Wiring, Speed, and Duplex

RJ-45 Pinouts and Category 5 Wiring

Auto-negotiation, Speed, and Duplex

CSMA/CD

Collision Domains and Switch Buffering

Basic Switch Port Configuration

Ethernet Layer 2: Framing and Addressing

Types of Ethernet Addresses

Ethernet Address Formats

Protocol Types and the 802.3 Length Field

Switching and Bridging Logic

Foundation Summary

Memory Builders

Fill in Key Tables from Memory

Definitions

Further Reading


Chapter 2       Virtual LANs and VLAN Trunking

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz

Foundation Topics

Virtual LANs

VLAN Configuration

Using VLAN Database Mode to Create VLANs

Using Configuration Mode to Put Interfaces into VLANs

Using Configuration Mode to Create VLANs

Private VLANs

VLAN Trunking Protocol

VTP Process and Revision Numbers

VTP Configuration

Normal-Range and Extended-Range VLANs

Storing VLAN Configuration

VLAN Trunking: ISL and 802.1Q

ISL and 802.1Q Concepts

ISL and 802.1Q Configuration

Allowed, Active, and Pruned VLANs

Trunk Configuration Compatibility


Configuring Trunking on Routers

802.1Q-in-Q Tunneling

Foundation Summary

Memory Builders

Fill in Key Tables from Memory

Definitions

Further Reading

Chapter 3       Spanning Tree Protocol

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz

Foundation Topics

802.1D Spanning Tree Protocol

Choosing Which Ports Forward: Choosing Root Ports and Designated Ports

Electing a Root Switch

Determining the Root Port

Determining the Designated Port

Converging to a New STP Topology

Topology Change Notification and Updating the CAM

Transitioning from Blocking to Forwarding

Per-VLAN Spanning Tree and STP over Trunks

STP Configuration and Analysis

Optimizing Spanning Tree

PortFast, UplinkFast, and BackboneFast

PortFast

UplinkFast

BackboneFast

PortFast, UplinkFast, and BackboneFast Configuration

PortChannels

Load Balancing Across PortChannels

PortChannel Discovery and Configuration

Rapid Spanning Tree Protocol

Multiple Spanning Trees: IEEE 802.1s

Protecting STP

Root Guard and BPDU Guard: Protecting Access Ports

UDLD and Loop Guard: Protecting Trunks

Foundation Summary

Memory Builders

Fill in Key Tables from Memory

Definitions

Further Reading


Part II   TCP/IP

Chapter 4       IP Addressing

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz

Foundation Topics


IP Addressing and Subnetting

IP Addressing and Subnetting Review

Subnetting a Classful Network Number

Comments on Classless Addressing

Subnetting Math

Dissecting the Component Parts of an IP Address

Finding Subnet Numbers and Valid Range of IP Addresses—Binary

Decimal Shortcuts to Find the Subnet Number and Valid Range
of IP Addresses

Determining All Subnets of a Network—Binary

Determining All Subnets of a Network—Decimal

VLSM Subnet Allocation

Route Summarization Concepts

Finding Inclusive Summary Routes—Binary

Finding Inclusive Summary Routes—Decimal

Finding Exclusive Summary Routes—Binary

CIDR, Private Addresses, and NAT

Classless Interdomain Routing

Private Addressing

Network Address Translation

Static NAT

Dynamic NAT Without PAT

Overloading NAT with Port Address Translation

Dynamic NAT and PAT Configuration

IP Version 6

IPv6 Address Formats

Aggregatable Global Unicast Addresses

Simple IPv6 Configuration

IPv6 Addressing Summary

Foundation Summary

Memory Builders

Fill in Key Tables from Memory

Definitions

Further Reading


Chapter 5       IP Services

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz

Foundation Topics

ICMP

ICMP Unreachable

Time Exceeded ICMP Message

ICMP Redirect

ARP, Proxy ARP, Reverse ARP, BOOTP, and DHCP

ARP and Proxy ARP

RARP, BOOTP, and DHCP


HSRP, VRRP, and GLBP

Network Time Protocol

Foundation Summary

Memory Builders

Fill in Key Tables from Memory

Definitions

Further Reading

Chapter 6       TCP/IP Transport and Application Services

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz

Foundation Topics

TCP and UDP

TCP Connections and Port Numbers

TCP Error Recovery

TCP Dynamic Windowing

TCP Header Miscellany

TCP/IP Applications

Passive and Active Mode FTP

Application Authentication and Privacy

Network Management and SNMP

SNMP Protocol Messages

SNMP MIBs

SNMP Security

Foundation Summary

Memory Builders

Fill in Key Tables from Memory

Definitions

Further Reading


Part III  IP Routing


Chapter 7       IP Forwarding (Routing)

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz

Foundation Topics

IP Forwarding

Process Switching, Fast Switching, and Cisco Express Forwarding

Building Adjacency Information: ARP and Inverse ARP

Frame Relay Inverse ARP

Static Configuration of Frame Relay Mapping Information

Disabling InARP

Classless and Classful Routing

Multilayer Switching

MLS Logic

Using Routed Ports and PortChannels with MLS

MLS Configuration


Policy Routing

Foundation Summary

Memory Builders

Fill in Key Tables from Memory

Definitions

Further Reading


Chapter 8       RIP Version 2

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz

Foundation Topics

RIP Version 2 Basics

RIP Convergence and Loop Prevention

Converged Steady-State Operation

Triggered (Flash) Updates and Poisoned Routes

RIP Convergence When Routing Updates Cease

Convergence Extras

RIP Configuration

Enabling RIP and the Effects of Autosummarization

RIP Authentication Configuration

RIP Next-Hop Feature and Split Horizon

RIP Offset Lists

Route Filtering with Distribute Lists and Prefix Lists

Foundation Summary

Memory Builders

Fill in Key Tables from Memory

Definitions

Further Reading

Chapter 9       EIGRP

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz

Foundation Topics

EIGRP Basics and Steady-State Operation

Hellos, Neighbors, and Adjacencies

EIGRP Updates

The EIGRP Topology Table

EIGRP Convergence

Input Events and Local Computation

Going Active on a Route

Stuck-in-Active

Limiting Query Scope

EIGRP Configuration

EIGRP Configuration Example

EIGRP Load Balancing

EIGRP Configuration Options That Are Similar to RIP


Foundation Summary

Memory Builders

Fill in Key Tables from Memory

Definitions

Further Reading

Chapter 10     OSPF

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz

Foundation Topics

OSPF Database Exchange

OSPF Router IDs

Becoming Neighbors, Exchanging Databases, and Becoming Adjacent

Becoming Neighbors: The Hello Process

Flooding LSA Headers to Neighbors

Requesting, Getting, and Acknowledging LSAs

Designated Routers on LANs

Designated Router Optimization on LANs

DR Election on LANs

Designated Routers on WANs and OSPF Network Types

Caveats Regarding OSPF Network Types over NBMA Networks

Example of OSPF Network Types and NBMA

SPF Calculation

Steady-State Operation

OSPF Design and LSAs

OSPF Design Terms

LSA Types and Network Types

LSA Types 1 and 2

LSA Type 3 and Inter-Area Costs

LSA Types 4 and 5, and External Route Types 1 and 2

OSPF Design in Light of LSA Types

Stubby Areas

OSPF Configuration

OSPF Costs and Clearing the OSPF Process

Alternatives to the OSPF Network Command

OSPF Filtering

Filtering Routes Using the distribute-list Command

OSPF ABR LSA Type 3 Filtering

Filtering Type 3 LSAs with the area range Command

Virtual Link Configuration

Configuring OSPF Authentication

OSPF Stub Router Configuration

Foundation Summary

Memory Builders

Fill in Key Tables from Memory

Definitions

Further Reading


Chapter 11     IGP Route Redistribution, Route Summarization, and Default Routing

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz

Foundation Topics

Route Maps, Prefix Lists, and Administrative Distance

Configuring Route Maps with the route-map Command

Route Map match Commands for Route Redistribution

Route Map set Commands for Route Redistribution

IP Prefix Lists

Administrative Distance

Route Redistribution

The Mechanics of the redistribute Command

Redistribution Using Default Settings

Setting Metrics, Metric Types, and Tags

Redistributing a Subset of Routes Using a Route Map

Mutual Redistribution at Multiple Routers

Preventing Suboptimal Routes by Setting the Administrative Distance

Preventing Suboptimal Routes by Using Route Tags

Using Metrics and Metric Types to Influence Redistributed Routes

Route Summarization

EIGRP Route Summarization

OSPF Route Summarization

RIP Route Summarization

Default Routes

Using Static Routes to 0.0.0.0, with redistribute static

Using the default-information originate Command

Using the ip default-network Command

Using Route Summarization to Create Default Routes

Foundation Summary

Memory Builders

Fill in Key Tables from Memory

Definitions

Further Reading

Chapter 12     Fundamental BGP Operations

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz

Foundation Topics

Building BGP Neighbor Relationships

Internal BGP Neighbors

External BGP Neighbors

Checks Before Becoming BGP Neighbors

BGP Messages and Neighbor States

BGP Message Types

Purposefully Resetting BGP Peer Connections


Building the BGP Table

Injecting Routes/Prefixes into the BGP Table

The BGP network Command

Redistributing from an IGP, Static, or Connected Route

The Impact of Auto-Summary on Redistributed Routes and the network Command

Manual Summaries and the AS_PATH Path Attribute

Adding Default Routes to BGP

The ORIGIN Path Attribute

Advertising BGP Routes to Neighbors

The BGP Update Message

Determining the Contents of Updates

Example: Impact of the Decision Process and NEXT_HOP on BGP Updates

Summary of Rules for Routes Advertised in BGP Updates

Building the IP Routing Table

Adding eBGP Routes to the IP Routing Table

Backdoor Routes

Adding iBGP Routes to the IP Routing Table

Using Sync and Redistributing Routes

Disabling Sync and Using BGP on All Routers in an AS

Confederations

Configuring Confederations

Route Reflectors

Foundation Summary

Memory Builders

Fill in Key Tables from Memory

Definitions

Further Reading

Chapter 13     BGP Routing Policies

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz

Foundation Topics

Route Filtering and Route Summarization

Filtering BGP Updates Based on NLRI

Route Map Rules for NLRI Filtering

Soft Reconfiguration

Comparing BGP Prefix Lists, Distribute Lists, and Route Maps

Filtering Subnets of a Summary Using the aggregate-address Command

Filtering BGP Updates by Matching the AS_PATH PA

The BGP AS_PATH and AS_PATH Segment Types

Using Regular Expressions to Match AS_PATH

Example: Matching AS_PATHs Using AS_PATH Filters

Matching AS_SET and AS_CONFED_SEQ

BGP Path Attributes and the BGP Decision Process

Generic Terms and Characteristics of BGP PAs

The BGP Decision Process


Clarifications of the BGP Decision Process

Two Final Tiebreaker Steps in the BGP Decision Process

Adding Multiple BGP Routes to the IP Routing Table

Mnemonics for Memorizing the Decision Process

Configuring BGP Policies

Background: BGP PAs and Features Used by Routing Policies

Step 0: NEXT_HOP Reachable

Step 1: Administrative Weight

Step 2: Highest Local Preference (LOCAL_PREF)

Step 3: Choose Between Locally Injected Routes Based on ORIGIN PA

Step 4: Shortest AS_PATH

Removing Private ASNs

AS_PATH Prepending and Route Aggregation

Step 5: Best ORIGIN PA

Step 6: Smallest Multi-Exit Discriminator

Configuring MED: Single Adjacent AS

Configuring MED: Multiple Adjacent Autonomous Systems

The Scope of MED

Step 7: Prefer Neighbor Type eBGP over iBGP

Step 8: Smallest IGP Metric to the NEXT_HOP

The maximum-paths Command and BGP Decision Process Tiebreakers

Step 9: Lowest BGP Router ID of Advertising Router (with One Exception)

Step 10: Lowest Neighbor ID

The BGP maximum-paths Command

BGP Communities

Matching COMMUNITY with Community Lists

Removing COMMUNITY Values

Filtering NLRI Using Special COMMUNITY Values

Foundation Summary

Memory Builders

Fill in Key Tables from Memory

Definitions

Further Reading


Part IV Quality of Service


Chapter 14     Classification and Marking

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz

Foundation Topics

Fields That Can Be Marked for QoS Purposes

IP Precedence and DSCP Compared

DSCP Settings and Terminology

The Class Selector PHB and DSCP Values

The Assured Forwarding PHB and DSCP Values

The Expedited Forwarding PHB and DSCP Values


Non-IP Header Marking Fields

Ethernet LAN Class of Service

WAN Marking Fields

Locations for Marking and Matching

Cisco Modular QoS CLI

The Mechanics of MQC

Classification Using Class Maps

Using Multiple match Commands

Classification Using NBAR

Classification and Marking Tools

Class-Based Marking (CB Marking) Configuration

CB Marking Example

CB Marking of CoS and DSCP

Network-Based Application Recognition

CB Marking Design Choices

Marking Using Policers

Policy Routing for Marking

Foundation Summary

Memory Builders

Fill in Key Tables from Memory

Definitions

Further Reading


Chapter 15     Congestion Management and Avoidance

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz

Foundation Topics

Cisco Router Queuing Concepts

Software Queues and Hardware Queues

Queuing on Interfaces Versus Subinterfaces and Virtual Circuits

Comparing Queuing Tools

Queuing Tools: FIFO, PQ, CQ, WFQ, CBWFQ, and LLQ

FIFO Queuing

Priority Queuing

Custom Queuing

Weighted Fair Queuing

WFQ Scheduler: The Process

WFQ Drop Policy, Number of Queues, and Queue Lengths

Types of WFQ Queues

WFQ Configuration

Class-Based WFQ and Low-Latency Queuing

CBWFQ Basic Features and Configuration

Defining and Limiting CBWFQ Bandwidth

Low-Latency Queuing

Defining and Limiting LLQ Bandwidth


LLQ with More Than One Priority Queue

Miscellaneous CBWFQ/LLQ Topics

Queuing Summary

Weighted Random Early Detection

How WRED Weights Packets

WRED Configuration

LAN Switch Congestion Management and Avoidance

Cisco 3550 Switch Egress Queuing

Cisco 3550 Congestion Avoidance

Comparisons Between Cisco 3550 and 2950 Switches

Foundation Summary

Memory Builders

Fill in Key Tables from Memory

Definitions

Further Reading

Chapter 16     Shaping and Policing

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz

Foundation Topics

Traffic-Shaping Concepts

Shaping Terminology

Shaping with an Excess Burst

Underlying Mechanics of Shaping

Traffic-Shaping Adaptation on Frame Relay Networks

Class-Based Shaping Configuration

Tuning Shaping for Voice Using LLQ and a Small Tc

Configuring Shaping by Bandwidth Percent

CB Shaping to a Peak Rate

Adaptive Shaping

Frame Relay Traffic Shaping Configuration

FRTS Configuration Using the traffic-rate Command

Setting FRTS Parameters Explicitly

FRTS Configuration Using LLQ

FRTS Adaptive Shaping

Policing Concepts and Configuration

CB Policing Concepts

Single-Rate, Two-Color Policing (One Bucket)

Single-Rate, Three-Color Policer (Two Buckets)

Two-Rate, Three-Color Policer (Two Buckets)

Class-Based Policing Configuration

Single-Rate, Three-Color Policing of All Traffic

Policing a Subset of the Traffic

CB Policing Defaults for Bc and Be

Configuring Dual-Rate Policing


Multi-Action Policing

Policing by Percentage

Committed Access Rate

Foundation Summary

Memory Builders

Fill in Key Tables from Memory

Definitions

Further Reading


Part V  WAN


Chapter 17     Synchronous Serial Links and Protocols

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz

Foundation Topics

Synchronous Serial Links

T1 Framing and Encoding

T1 Alarms

Carrier Detect and Interface Resets

Point-to-Point Protocol

PPP Link Control Protocol

Basic LCP/PPP Configuration

Multilink PPP

MLP Link Fragmentation and Interleaving

PPP Compression

PPP Layer 2 Payload Compression

Header Compression

Foundation Summary

Memory Builders

Fill in Key Tables from Memory

Definitions

Further Reading


Chapter 18     Frame Relay

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz

Foundation Topics

Frame Relay Concepts

Frame Relay Data Link Connection Identifiers

Local Management Interface

Frame Relay Headers and Encapsulation

Frame Relay Congestion: DE, BECN, and FECN

Adaptive Shaping, FECN, and BECN

The Discard Eligibility Bit

Frame Relay Configuration

Frame Relay Configuration Basics

Frame Relay Payload Compression

Frame Relay Fragmentation


Foundation Summary

Memory Builders

Fill in Key Tables from Memory

Definitions

Further Reading


Part VI IP Multicast


Chapter 19     Introduction to IP Multicasting

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz

Foundation Topics

Why Do You Need Multicasting?

Problems with Unicast and Broadcast Methods

How Multicasting Provides a Scalable and Manageable Solution

Multicast IP Addresses

Multicast Address Range and Structure

Well-Known Multicast Addresses

Multicast Addresses for Permanent Groups

Multicast Addresses for Source-Specific Multicast Applications and Protocols

Multicast Addresses for GLOP Addressing

Multicast Addresses for Private Multicast Domains

Multicast Addresses for Transient Groups

Summary of Multicast Address Ranges

Mapping IP Multicast Addresses to MAC Addresses

Managing Distribution of Multicast Traffic with IGMP

Joining a Group

Internet Group Management Protocol

IGMP Version 1

IGMPv1 Host Membership Query Functions

IGMPv1 Host Membership Report Functions

IGMPv1 Leave Mechanism

IGMPv1 Querier

IGMP Version 2

IGMPv2 Leave Group and Group-Specific Query Messages

IGMPv2 Querier

IGMPv1 and IGMPv2 Interoperability

IGMPv2 Host and IGMPv1 Routers

IGMPv1 Host and IGMPv2 Routers

IGMPv1 and IGMPv2 Routers

Timers Used in IGMPv1 and IGMPv2

IGMP Version 3

Comparison of IGMPv1, IGMPv2, and IGMPv3

Multicast Listener Discovery Protocol

LAN Multicast Optimizations

Cisco Group Management Protocol


IGMP Snooping

Router-Port Group Management Protocol

Foundation Summary

Memory Builders

Fill in Key Tables from Memory

Definitions

Further Reading

References in This Chapter


Chapter 20     IP Multicast Routing

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz

Foundation Topics

Multicast Routing Basics

Overview of Multicast Routing Protocols

Multicast Forwarding Using Dense Mode

Reverse-Path-Forwarding Check

Multicast Forwarding Using Sparse Mode

Multicast Scoping

TTL Scoping

Administrative Scoping

Dense-Mode Routing Protocols

Operation of Protocol Independent Multicast Dense Mode

Forming PIM Adjacencies Using PIM Hello Messages

Source-Based Distribution Trees

Prune Message

PIM-DM: Reacting to a Failed Link

Rules for Pruning

Steady-State Operation and the State Refresh Message

Graft Message

LAN-Specific Issues with PIM-DM and PIM-SM

Prune Override

Assert Message

Designated Router

Summary of PIM-DM Messages

Distance Vector Multicast Routing Protocol

Multicast Open Shortest Path First

Sparse-Mode Routing Protocols

Operation of Protocol Independent Multicast Sparse Mode

Similarities Between PIM-DM and PIM-SM

Sources Sending Packets to the Rendezvous Point

Joining the Shared Tree

Completion of the Source Registration Process

Shared Distribution Tree

Steady-State Operation by Continuing to Send Joins


Examining the RP’s Multicast Routing Table

Shortest-Path Tree Switchover

Pruning from the Shared Tree

Dynamically Finding RPs and Using Redundant RPs

Dynamically Finding the RP Using Auto-RP

Dynamically Finding the RP Using BSR

Anycast RP with MSDP

Summary: Finding the RP

Bidirectional PIM

Comparison of PIM-DM and PIM-SM

Foundation Summary

Memory Builders

Fill in Key Tables from Memory

Definitions

Further Reading


Part VII            Security


Chapter 21     Security

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz

Foundation Topics

Router and Switch Device Security

Simple Password Protection for the CLI

Better Protection of Enable and Username Passwords

User Mode and Privileged Mode AAA Authentication

Using a Default Set of Authentication Methods

Using Multiple Authentication Methods

Groups of AAA Servers

Overriding the Defaults for Login Security

PPP Security

Layer 2 Security

Switch Security Best Practices for Unused and User Ports

Port Security

Dynamic ARP Inspection

DHCP Snooping

IP Source Guard

802.1X Authentication Using EAP

General Layer 2 Security Recommendations

Layer 3 Security

IP Access Control List Review

ACL Rule Summary

Wildcard Masks

General Layer 3 Security Considerations

Smurf Attacks, Directed Broadcasts, and RPF Checks

Inappropriate IP Addresses

TCP SYN Flood, the Established Bit, and TCP Intercept


Foundation Summary

Memory Builders

Fill in Key Tables from Memory

Definitions

Further Reading


Part VIII           Enterprise Wireless Mobility


Chapter 22     IEEE 802.11 Fundamentals

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz

Foundation Topics

802.11 Physical Layer Standards

802.11a

802.11b

802.11g

802.11n

Comparison of 802.11 Standards

Wireless System Configuration

Infrastructure Mode Configuration

Ad Hoc Mode Configuration

Wireless Hardware Components

Radio Cards

Access Points

Antennas

Repeaters

Bridges

Routers

Radio Frequency Peripherals

Infrastructure Mode Operation

Scanning

Passive Scanning

Active Scanning

Connecting with a Network

Data Transfer

Roaming

Ad Hoc Mode Operation

Wireless Configuration Parameters

SSID

RF Channels

Transmit Power

Data Rates

Power-Save Mode

RTS/CTS

Fragmentation

RTS/CTS and Fragmentation Summary


Wireless Medium Access

Wireless Security

WEP

TKIP

AES

WPA

Open System Authentication

Shared Key Authentication

Virtual Private Networks

Comparing Wireless Security

RF Signal Concepts

Modulation

RF Signal Characteristics

Gain

Signal-to-Noise Ratio

Spread Spectrum

Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing

FCC Rules

RF Interference

Multipath

Foundation Summary

Memory Builders

Definitions

Further Reading


Chapter 23     Wireless LAN Solutions

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz

Foundation Topics

Cisco Structured Wireless-Aware Network

Wireless Domain Services

Intrusion Detection System

Cisco SWAN Hardware

Cisco Wireless LAN Hardware

CiscoWorks Wireless LAN Solution Engine

Automatic Access Point Configuration

Assisted Site Surveys

Centralized Firmware Updates

Dynamic Grouping

VLAN Configuration

Multiple Service Set Identifier Support

Customizable Thresholds

Fault Status

Intrusion Detection System

Security Policy Monitoring


Secure User Interface

Air/RF Scanning and Monitoring

Self-Healing Functions

Reporting, Trending, Planning, and Troubleshooting

Applying Wireless LANs in Enterprises

Enterprise Security

Voice Services

Public Wireless LANs

Small Office and Home Wireless LANs

Foundation Summary

Memory Builders

Fill in Key Tables from Memory

Definitions

Further Reading


Part IX OSI and Cisco Device Basics


Chapter 24     Miscellaneous Networking Theory and Practices

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz

Foundation Topics

The OSI and TCP/IP Models

OSI Layers

OSI Layering Concepts and Benefits

OSI Terminology

OSI Layer Interactions

Router Operation Miscellany

Cisco IOS Software Boot Sequences and the Configuration Register

The Configuration Register

The boot system Command

CLI Help Features

Foundation Summary

Memory Builders

Fill in Key Tables from Memory

Definitions


Part X  Appendixes


Appendix A    Answers to the “Do I Know This Already?” Quizzes


Appendix B    CCIE Routing and Switching Exam Updates: Version 1.0


Appendix C    MPLS


Appendix D    Decimal to Binary Conversion Table

Glossary


Index

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Errata

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