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CCNP Routing and Switching v2.0 Exam Practice Pack

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  • About
  • Description
  • Sample Content
  • Updates

Features

  • A single book that provides review and practice for all three CCNP exams
  • Fully updated to cover the latest CCNP exam topics for all three ROUTE, SWITCH, and TSHOOT exams
  • Offers three proven modes of study to help ensure users are exam-ready
  • Flash cards are available in the Cert Flash Cards Online application, and are viewable on desktop browsers or any Smartphone or tablet
  • Practice tests offer hundreds of exam-realistic questions
  • Quick Reference Guides help reinforce key exam topics

  • Copyright 2015
  • Dimensions: 6" x 9"
  • Pages: 368
  • Edition: 1st
  • Book
  • ISBN-10: 1-58714-431-X
  • ISBN-13: 978-1-58714-431-8

Are you ready to take the ROUTE, SWITCH, or TSHOOT exams for CCNP certification? You’ve learned the concepts, you have the experience to put them to real-world use, and now you want to practice, practice, practice until exam time. CCNP Routing and Switching v2.0 Exam Practice Pack, gives you three methods of proven, late-stage exam preparation in one package.
 
Test Engine
The CCNP practice exam engine includes hundreds of exam-realistic practice exam questions in the powerful Pearson IT Certification Practice test software for each of the three ROUTE, SWITCH, and TSHOOT exams.
 
Flash Cards
More than 900 flash cards in customizable sets that you can tailor to your study needs. Available in the unique Cert Flash Cards Online application, so you can access from your desktop or favorite mobile devices.
 
Quick Reference Guides
All exam topics are covered for a quick review and refresh in a comprehensive graphical quick reference guides for each exam.

What's in the package? This product includes a print copy of the quick reference guides for all three CCNP Routing and Switching exams. The CD that accompanies the book provides readers with access to the flash cards in the Pearson IT Certification Cert Flash Cards Online application. User can also install and access the practice tests for all three exams by installing the Pearson IT Certification practice test software on the CD.

Table of Contents

Introduction xx

Part I ROUTE 1

Chapter 1 Networking Overview 3

IP, TCP, and UDP Operations 3

    IP Operations 3

    TCP Operations 4

    UDP Operations 4

Routing Fundamentals 5

    The Routing Table 5

    Administrative Distance 6

    Choosing a Routing Protocol 7

        Distance Vector Protocols 7

        Link State Protocols 7

        Path Vector Protocols 7

Packet Forwarding 8

    Configuring and Troubleshooting CEF 9

Loop Prevention Mechanisms 10

    Split Horizon 10

    Route Poisoning 10

Chapter 2 IPv6 Overview 11

IPv6 Addressing 12

    Simplifying an IPv6 Address 12

    Special Addresses 13

    IPv6 Host Addressing 14

        Neighbor Discovery Protocol 14

        Manual IP Address Assignment 14

        Manual Network Assignment 15

        Stateless Address Autoconfiguration 16

        Securing NDP 17

        DHCPv6 17

        Renumbering 17

IPv6 Routing 17

    Static Routing 18

    IPv6 Route Summarization 18

Integrating IPv4 and IPv6 19

    Tunneling IPv6 over IPv4 20

        Manual Tunnels 20

        GRE Tunnels 20

        6to4 Tunnels 21

        ISATAP Tunnels 21

    IPv6 Link Types 22

        Point-to-Point Links 22

        Point-to-Multipoint Links 22

        Multiaccess Links 23

Chapter 3 RIP 24

RIP Version 2 24

    RIPv2 Configuration 25

RIPng for IPv6 25

    RIPng Configuration 26

Chapter 4 EIGRP 27

EIGRP Overview 27

EIGRP Neighbor Establishment 28

    Packet Types 28

    Neighbor Discovery and Route Exchange 28

        Unicast Neighbors 29

        Troubleshooting and Verifying EIGRP Neighbors 29

EIGRP Route Selection 29

    EIGRP Metric 29

        Wide Metrics 30

    Diffusing Update Algorithm 31

EIGRP for IPv4 32

    Basic Configuration 32

    Optimizing the EIGRP Configuration 33

        Passive Interface 33

        Advertising a Default Route 33

        Summarization 33

        Load Balancing 34

        EIGRP Authentication 35

    EIGRP Stub Routing 36

EIGRP for IPv6 37

Verifying and Troubleshooting EIGRP 38

EIGRP Named Mode 39

EIGRP Over WAN Links 40

    Layer 3 MPLS WAN 40

    Layer 2 WAN 41

    Frame Relay 41

    EIGRP Over the Top 44

Chapter 5 OSPF 45

OSPF Overview 45

    OSPF Network Structure 45

    OSPF Metric 47

Link-State Advertisements 47

    LSA Operation 48

    LSA Types 48

OSPF Operation 49

    OSPF Packets 49

    OSPF Neighbor Relationships 50

Basic OSPFv2 Configuration 51

    Router ID 52

    Verifying and Troubleshooting OSPF 52

OSPF Network Types 53

    Designated Routers 54

    Nonbroadcast Multiaccess Networks 55

    OSPF over Layer 2 and Layer 3 MPLS 55

Advanced OSPF Configuration 56

    OSPF Summarization 56

    Passive Interface 57

    OSPF Default Routes 57

    Stub and Not-So-Stubby Areas 58

    Virtual Links 58

    OSPF Authentication 59

OSPF for IPv6 61

    OSPFv3 LSAs 62

    Traditional OSPFv3 Configuration 63

    New OSPFv3 Configuration 64

Chapter 6 Advanced Routing Techniques 67

Controlling Routing Updates 67

    Route Maps 68

        Route Map Syntax 68

        Route Map Match and Set Conditions 68

    Controlling Route Redistribution Using

        Route Maps 69

    Tagging Routes Using a Route Map 70

    Prefix Lists 71

    Distribute Lists 72

    Passive Interfaces 73

Using Multiple Routing Protocols 73

    Configuring Route Redistribution 73

        Seed Metric 74

        Administrative Distance 75

    Planning Route Redistribution 76

    Redistribution Techniques 77

Path Control 78

    Policy-Based Routing 79

    Using IOS IP SLA 81

    VRF-Lite 84

Chapter 7 BGP and Internet Connectivity 88

Planning an Internet Connection 88

    Types of ISP Connections 88

    IP Addressing and AS Numbering 89

    BGP Route Options 89

BGP Overview 90

    BGP Databases 91

    BGP Message Types 91

    BGP Next-Hop Selection 92

    BGP Next Hop on a Multiaccess Network 93

    BGP Synchronization Rule 93

Configuring Basic BGP 93

    BGP Network Command 94

    BGP Peering 95

        BGP Peering States 95

        Troubleshooting BGP 96

BGP Path Selection 96

    BGP Attributes 96

    BGP Path Selection Criteria 97

    Influencing BGP Path Selection 98

Filtering BGP Routes 99

    Prefix Lists 99

    AS Path Access List 100

    Order of Operations 101

BGP Authentication 101

Verifying BGP 102

Multiprotocol BGP 105

Chapter 8 Infrastructure Security 107

Device Access Control 107

Router Security Features 108

    Access Control Lists 108

        Configuring IPv4 ACLs 109

        Configuring an IPv6 Access List 110

    Unicast Reverse Path Forwarding 110

Tunneling Technologies 111

    GRE Tunnels 112

        Configuring a GRE Tunnel 112

    DMVPN 113

    Easy VPN 113

PPPoE 114

Chapter 9 Infrastructure Services 116

Simple Network Management Protocol 116

    SNMPv2c Configuration 117

    SNMPv3 Configuration 117

Logging 118

    Debug 119

    Syslog 119

        Configuring Syslog 120

Network Time Protocol 121

DHCP 122

    DHCP for IPv4 122

        Configuring DHCP for IPv4 122

        IPv4 DHCP Relay Agent 123

    DHCP for IPv6 123

        DHCPv6 Process 124

        Configuring Stateful DHCPv6 124

        Configuring Stateless DHCPv6 125

        IPv6 DHCP Relay Agent 125

NetFlow 126

Network Address Translation 127

    Configuring Traditional NAT for IPv4 128

        Static NAT 128

        Dynamic NAT 129

        PAT 129

    Configuring NAT Virtual Interface 130

    NAT64 131

Part II Switch 133

Chapter 1 LAN Switching Basics 135

MAC Address Operation 135

    MAC Address Learning 136

    Frame Forwarding 137

Neighbor Discovery Protocols 138

    Cisco Discovery Protocol 139

    LLDP 141

Switch Traffic Monitoring 144

    SPAN 145

    RSPAN 146

Chapter 2 VLANs 148

VLAN Overview 148

    VLAN Planning 150

    Creating a VLAN and Assigning Ports 150

    Verifying VLAN Configuration 151

VLAN Trunking 153

    Configuring a Trunk Link 154

        Pruning VLANs on a Trunk 154

        Verifying a Trunk Link 155

    Best Practices for Trunking 155

VLAN Trunking Protocol 155

    VTP Switch Roles 156

    Configuring VTP 157

    Verifying and Monitoring VTP 158

    Adding a New Switch to a VTP Domain 158

Troubleshooting VLAN Issues 159

    Troubleshooting User Connectivity 159

    Troubleshooting Trunking 159

    Troubleshooting VTP 160

Chapter 3 EtherChannels 161

EtherChannel Overview 161

Configuring an EtherChannel 162

    Channel Negotiation Protocols 164

    Verifying EtherChannel Configuration 164

EtherChannel Load Balancing 166

EtherChannel Guard 167

MEC and vPC 168

Chapter 4 Spanning Tree Protocol 169

Understanding Basic Spanning Tree Protocol 170

    Spanning Tree Election Criteria 171

    STP Election 171

        Root Bridge Election 172

        Root Port Election 173

        Designated Port Election 173

    Bridge Protocol Data Units 175

    Spanning Tree Port States 176

    Configuring and Verifying Spanning Tree 176

Per-VLAN Spanning Tree 178

Rapid Spanning Tree 178

    RSTP Port Roles 179

    BPDU Differences in RSTP 180

    RSTP Fast Convergence 181

Multiple Spanning Tree 181

Spanning Tree Improvements 183

    PortFast 183

    UplinkFast 184

    BackboneFast 184

    BPDU Guard 184

    BPDU Filter 185

    Root Guard 185

    Unidirectional Link Detection 186

    Loop Guard 187

    Using Spanning Tree Improvements 187

Troubleshooting STP 189

Spanning-Tree Best Practices 190

Chapter 5 First Hop Redundancy Protocols 191

Hot Standby Router Protocol 193

    HSRP States 194

    Configuring HSRP 195

    HSRP with Tracking 198

    HSRP for IPv6 199

Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol 200

    Configuring VRRPv2 201

    Configuring VRRPv3 203

GLBP 203

    GLBP for IPv6 205

Planning Router Redundancy Implementation 205

Chapter 6 InterVLAN Routing 206

InterVLAN Routing Using an External Router 206

InterVLAN Routing Using Multilayer Switches 208

    Multilayer Switch Interfaces 209

        SVI Configuration 209

        Routed Switch Port Configuration 212

    The Layer 2 and Layer 3 Forwarding Process 214

        Layer 2 Forwarding 214

        Layer 3 Forwarding 214

    Understanding the Switching Table 215

    Understanding Switch Forwarding Architectures 215

        CEF Switching 216

Chapter 7 Switch Security Features 219

MAC Address-Based Attacks 219

    MAC Address Flooding 219

    Port Security 220

        Configuring Port Security 221

        Error-Disabled Ports 222

    Port Access Lists 222

VLAN-Based Attacks 223

    Storm Control 223

    Switch Spoofing 223

    802.1Q Double-Tagging 224

    VLAN Access Control Lists 225

    Private VLANs 226

    Protected Ports 227

Spoof Attacks 227

    DHCP Spoofing 227

    IP Source Guard 228

    ARP Spoofing and DAI 229

Securing Your Switch 229

Using AAA 230

    RADIUS 231

    TACACS+ 231

    Configuring AAA 231

        Local Authentication 231

        RADIUS Authentication 231

        TACACS+ Authentication 232

        Configuring Authorization 233

        Configuring Accounting 233

        Verifying AAA Operation 234

    Port-Based Authentication 235

Chapter 8 Campus Network Design 236

The Hierarchical Design Model 236

    Core Layer 237

        Small Network Design 238

        Campus Network Design 238

    Network Traffic Flow 239

Planning a Network Implementation 240

Resiliency and High Availability 241

    Fast Failover and Convergence 241

    Redundancy 242

    Layer 2 versus Layer 3 Access Design 243

    SSO, NSF, and ISSU 245

    Virtual Switching System 246

    Using Standalone Access Switches 246

Part III TSHOOT 247

Chapter 1 Tools and Methodologies of Troubleshooting 249

Troubleshooting Methodology 249

Structured Troubleshooting 250

    What to Do When Nothing Works! 252

Best Practices for Routine Maintenance 253

    Methodology 254

    Common Tasks 254

Troubleshooting Tools 257

    Configurations 260

    Other Tools 264

Working with External Tools 265

    Packet Sniffing 265

    NetFlow 266

    SNMP and EEM 267

Hardware Diagnostics 267

Discovery 270

    Self-Documenting Networks 274

Chapter 2 Troubleshooting Switching Technologies 276

Hardware 277

    Troubleshooting Scenario 280

VLANs 280

    DHCP Troubleshooting Example 281

Spanning Tree Protocol 282

    BPDU Guard Example 286

SVIs 286

Troubleshoot SVIs 286

Trunking and EtherChannel 287

Port Security 288

Chapter 3 Troubleshooting IP Networking 290

IP Address Assignment 290

NTP, Syslog, and SNMP 292

    NTP 293

    Syslog 294

    SNMP 294

Gateway Redundancy 295

Filtering 297

NAT 299

    Steps to Troubleshooting NAT 299

    Rule Out NAT 300

    Understand the Objective of NAT 300

    Verify the Translation 301

    Verify the Translation Is Being Used 301

Authentication 302

Chapter 4 Troubleshooting Routing Technologies 303

Network Layer Connectivity 303

Routing Protocols 304

Router Performance 304

EIGRP 307

    Is the Correct Route Advertised? 307

    Is the Correct Route Communicated? 308

    Is There a More Desirable Path? 309

OSPF 309

    Is the Correct Route Advertised? 310

    Is the Correct Route Communicated? 310

    Is There a More Desirable Path? 311

BGP 311

    Is the Correct Route Advertised? 311

    Is the Correct Route Communicated? 311

    Is There a More Desirable Path? 312

Route Redistribution 313

9781587144318   TOC   10/24/2014

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