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CCNA Cloud CLDFND 210-451 Official Cert Guide, Rough Cuts

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  • Description
  • Sample Content
  • Updates
  • Copyright 2016
  • Dimensions: 7-3/8" x 9-1/8"
  • Edition: 1st
  • Rough Cuts
  • ISBN-10: 0-13-414097-4
  • ISBN-13: 978-0-13-414097-1

This is the Rough Cut version of the printed book.


Trust the best selling Official Cert Guide series from Cisco Press to help you learn, prepare, and practice for exam success. They are built with the objective of providing assessment, review, and practice to help ensure you are fully prepared for your certification exam.

CCNA Cloud CLDFND 210-451 Official Cert Guide presents you with an organized test preparation routine through the use of proven series elements and techniques. “Do I Know This Already?” quizzes open each chapter and enable you to decide how much time you need to spend on each section. Exam topic lists make referencing easy. Chapter-ending Exam Preparation Tasks help you drill on key concepts you must know thoroughly.

  • Master Cisco CCNA CLDFND 210-451exam topics
  • Assess your knowledge with chapter-opening quizzes
  • Review key concepts with exam preparation tasks
  • Practice with realistic exam questions from the Companion Website

CCNA Cloud CLDFND 210-451 Official Cert Guide, focuses specifically on the objectives for the Cisco CCNA CLDFND exam. Leading data center network architect Gustavo A.A. Santana shares preparation hints and test-taking tips, helping you identify areas of weakness and improve both your conceptual knowledge and hands-on skills. Material is presented in a concise manner, focusing on increasing your understanding and retention of exam topics.

The Companion Website contains a powerful Pearson IT Certification Practice Test engine that enables you to focus on individual topic areas or take a complete, timed exam. The assessment engine also tracks your performance and provides feedback on a module-by-module basis, laying out a complete assessment of your knowledge to help you focus your study where it is needed most.

Well-regarded for its level of detail, assessment features, comprehensive design scenarios, and challenging review questions and exercises, this official study guide helps you master the concepts and techniques that will enable you to succeed on the exam the first time.

The official study guide helps you master all the topics on the CCNA CLDFND exam, including:

  • Cloud characteristics
  • Cloud service models (IaaS, SaaS, PaaS)
  • Cloud deployment (public, private, community, hybrid)
  • Cisco Intercloud Solution
  • Cloud Compute (Cisco UCS)
  • Cloud Networking (DC network architectures, infrastructure virtualization)
  • Cloud Storage basics (provisioning, access, concepts, devices, infrastructures)

CCNA Cloud CLDFND 210-451 Official Cert Guide is part of a recommended learning path from Cisco that includes simulation and hands-on training from authorized Cisco Learning Partners and self-study products from Cisco Press. To find out more about instructor-led training, e-learning, and hands-on instruction offered by authorized Cisco Learning Partners worldwide, please visit

The print edition of the CCNA Cloud CLDFND 210-451 Official Cert Guide contains two free, complete practice exams.

Also available from Cisco Press for Cisco CCNA CLDFND study is the CCNA Cloud CLDFND 210-451 Official Cert Guide Premium Edition eBook and Practice Test. This digital-only certification preparation product combines an eBook with enhanced Pearson IT Certification Practice Test.

This integrated learning package:

  • Allows you to focus on individual topic areas or take complete, timed exams
  • Includes direct links from each question to detailed tutorials to help you understand the concepts behind the questions
  • Provides unique sets of exam-realistic practice questions
  • Tracks your performance and provides feedback on a module-by-module basis, laying out a complete assessment of your knowledge to help you focus your study where it is needed most

Table of Contents

Introduction xxi

Part I Cloud Concepts

Chapter 1 What Is Cloud Computing? 3

    “Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 3

    Foundation Topics 7

    Welcome to the Cloud Hype 7

    Historical Steps Toward Cloud Computing 9

    The Many Definitions of Cloud Computing 11

    The Data Center 12

    Common Cloud Characteristics 14

        On-Demand Self-Service 14

        Rapid Elasticity 16

        Resource Pooling 17

        Measured Service 19

        Broad Network Access 20

        Multi-tenancy 21

    Classifying Clouds 22

    Around the Corner: Agile, Cloud-Scale Applications, and DevOps 24

        Further Reading 26

    Exam Preparation Tasks 27

    Review All the Key Topics 27

    Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory 27

    Define Key Terms 27

Chapter 2 Cloud Shapes: Service Models 29

    “Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 29

    Foundation Topics 32

    Service Providers and Information Technology 32

        Service-Level Agreement 34

        Cloud Providers 34

    Infrastructure as a Service 36

        Regions and Availability Zones 38

        IaaS Example: Amazon Web Services 39

    Platform as a Service 43

        PaaS Example: Microsoft Azure 45

    Software as a Service 49

        SaaS Examples 50

    Around the Corner: Anything as a Service 52

        Further Reading 53

    Exam Preparation Tasks 54

    Review All the Key Topics 54

    Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory 54

    Define Key Terms 54

Part II Cloud Deployments

Chapter 3 Cloud Heights: Deployment Models 57

    “Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 57

    Foundation Topics 61

    Public Clouds 61

    Risks and Challenges 62

        Security 62

        Control 63

        Cost 64

    Private Clouds 65

    Community Clouds 67

    Hybrid Clouds 69

    Cisco Intercloud 70

    Cisco Intercloud Fabric 73

        Intercloud Fabric Architecture 74

        Intercloud Fabric Services 76

        Intercloud Fabric Use Cases 83

    Around the Corner: Private Cloud as a Service 83

        Further Reading 83

    Exam Preparation Tasks 84

    Review All the Key Topics 84

    Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory 84

    Define Key Terms 84

Chapter 4 Behind the Curtain 87

    “Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 87

    Foundation Topics 89

    Cloud Computing Architecture 89

        Cloud Portal 90

        Cloud Orchestrator 94

        Cloud Meter 97

    Cloud Infrastructure: Journey to the Cloud 99

        Consolidation 100

        Virtualization 102

        Standardization 103

        Automation 103

        Orchestration 104

    Application Programming Interfaces 105

        CLI vs API 106

        RESTful APIs 111

    Around the Corner: OpenStack 115

        Further Reading 116

    Exam Preparation Tasks 117

    Review All the Key Topics 117

    Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory 117

    Define Key Terms 117

Part III Server Virtualization for Cloud

Chapter 5 Server Virtualization 119

    “Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 119

    Foundation Topics 122

    Introduction to Servers and Operating Systems 122

        What Is a Server? 122

        Server Operating Systems 124

    Server Virtualization History 125

        Mainframe Virtualization 126

        Virtualization on x86 127

    Server Virtualization Definitions 128

        Hypervisor 129

        Hypervisor Types 130

        Virtual Machines 130

        Virtual Machine Manager 132

    Hypervisor Architectures 132

        VMware vSphere 133

        Microsoft Hyper-V 133

        Linux Kernel-based Virtual Machine 134

        Multi-Hypervisor Environments 135

    Server Virtualization Features 136

        Virtual Machine High Availability 136

        Virtual Machine Live Migration 137

        Resource Load Balancing 140

        Virtual Machine Fault Tolerance 140

        Other Interesting Features 141

    Cloud Computing and Server Virtualization 142

        Self-Service on Demand 142

        Resource Pooling 143

        Elasticity 144

    Around the Corner: Linux Containers and Docker 144

        Further Reading 145

    Exam Preparation Tasks 146

    Review All Key Topics 146

    Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory 146

    Define Key Terms 146

Chapter 6 Infrastructure Virtualization 149

    “Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 149

    Foundation Topics 152

    Virtual Machines and Networking 152

        An Abstraction for Virtual Machine Traffic Management 152

        The Virtual Switch 154

        Distributed Virtual Switch 157

        Virtual Networking on Other Hypervisors 158

        Networking Challenges in Server Virtualization Environments 159

    Cisco Nexus 1000V 161

        Cisco Nexus 1000V Advanced Features 166

        Cisco Nexus 1000V: A Multi-Hypervisor Platform 168

    Virtual eXtensible LAN 171

        VXLAN in Action 173

        How Does VXLAN Solve VLAN Challenges? 177

        Standard VXLAN Deployment in Cisco Nexus 1000V 177

        VXLAN Gateways 180

    Around the Corner: Unicast-Based VXLAN 181

        Further Reading 184

    Exam Preparation Tasks 185

    Review All the Key Topics 185

    Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory 185

    Define Key Terms 185

Chapter 7 Virtual Networking Services and Application Containers 187

    “Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 187

    Foundation Topics 190

    Virtual Networking Services 190

        Service Insertion in Physical Networks 190

        Virtual Services Data Path 192

        Cisco Virtual Security Gateway 193

        Cisco Adaptive Security Virtual Appliance 197

        Cisco Cloud Services Router 1000V 199

        Citrix NetScaler 1000V 201

        Cisco Virtual Wide Area Application Services 205

        vPath Service Chains 208

    Virtual Application Containers 210

    Around the Corner: Service Insertion Innovations 217

        Further Reading 218

    Exam Preparation Tasks 219

    Review All the Key Topics 219

    Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory 219

    Define Key Terms 219

Part IV Cloud Storage

Chapter 8 Block Storage Technologies 221

    “Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 221

    Foundation Topics 224

    What Is Data Storage? 224

    Hard Disk Drives 225

    RAID Levels 226

    Disk Controllers and Disk Arrays 228

    Volumes 231

        Accessing Blocks 233

        Advanced Technology Attachment 234

        Small Computer Systems Interface 235

        Fibre Channel Basics 237

        Fibre Channel Topologies 238

        Fibre Channel Addresses 239

        Fibre Channel Flow Control 241

        Fibre Channel Processes 241

        Fabric Shortest Path First 243

        Fibre Channel Logins 245

        Zoning 246

    SAN Designs 247

    Virtual SANs 250

        VSAN Definitions 251

        VSAN Trunking 253

        Zoning and VSANs 254

        VSAN Use Cases 255

    Internet SCSI 256

    Cloud Computing and SANs 258

        Block Storage for Cloud Infrastructure 258

        Block Storage as a Service 259

    Around the Corner: Solid-State Drives 260

        Further Reading 261

    Exam Preparation Tasks 262

    Review All the Key Topics 262

    Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory 262

    Define Key Terms 263

Chapter 9 File Storage Technologies 265

    “Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 265

    Foundation Topics 268

    What Is a File? 268

        File Locations 269

        Main Differences Between Block and File Technologies 270

    Building a File System 271

        File Namespace 272

        Linux File Naming Rules 272

        Windows File Naming Rules 273

        Volume Formatting 274

        Extended Filesystems 274

        FAT and NTFS 278

        Permissions 281

        Linux Permissions 281

        NTFS Permissions 282

    Accessing Remote Files 285

        Network File System 286

        Common NFS Client Operations 287

        Common NFS NAS Operations 289

        Server Message Block 289

        Common SMB Client Operations 292

        Common SMB NAS Operations 292

        Other File Access Protocols 293

    Cloud Computing and File Storage 294

        File Storage for Cloud Infrastructure 294

        File Hosting 294

        OpenStack Manila 295

    Around the Corner: Object Storage 297

        Further Reading 298

    Exam Preparation Tasks 299

    Review All the Key Topics 299

    Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory 299

    Define Key Terms 299

Part V Architectures for Cloud

Chapter 10 Network Architectures for the Data Center: Unified Fabric 301

    “Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 301

    Foundation Topics 304

    Attributes of Data Center Networks 304

    The Three-Tier Design 305

    Device Virtualization 307

        Why Use VDCs? 309

        Creating VDCs 310

        Allocating Resources to VDCs 312

    Virtual PortChannels 313

        Link Aggregation 315

        Creating vPCs 317

        Adding vPCs to the Three-Tier Design 319

    Fabric Extenders 320

        Top-of-Rack Designs 320

        End-of-Row and Middle-of-Row Designs 321

        Enter the Nexus 2000 322

        High-available Fabric Extender Topologies 325

    Overlay Transport Virtualization 326

        Layer 2 Extension Challenges 327

        I Want My OTV! 329

        Configuring OTV 332

        OTV Site Designs 335

    I/O Consolidation 336

        Data Center Bridging 338

        Priority-based Flow Control 338

        Enhanced Transmission Selection 339

        Data Center Bridging Exchange 340

        Fibre Channel over Ethernet 341

        FCoE Definitions 341

        Deploying I/O Consolidation 343

        I/O Consolidation Designs 346

    FabricPath 349

        Address Learning with FabricPath 351

        Configuring FabricPath 352

        FabricPath and Spanning Tree Protocol 354

        Introduction to Spine-Leaf Topologies 356

    Around the Corner: VXLAN Fabrics 358

        Further Reading 360

    Exam Preparation Tasks 361

    Review All the Key Topics 361

    Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory 361

    Define Key Terms 361

Chapter 11 Network Architectures for the Data Center: SDN and ACI 363

    “Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 363

    Foundation Topics 366

    Cloud Computing and Traditional Data Center Networks 366

    The Opposite of Software-Defined Networking 367

    Network Programmability 369

        Network Management Systems 369

        Automated Networks 370

        Programmable Networks 371

    SDN Approaches 374

        Separation of the Control and Data Planes 375

        The OpenFlow Protocol 376

        OpenDaylight 378

        Software-based Virtual Overlays 381

    Application Centric Infrastructure 382

        Problems Not Addressed by SDN 382

        ACI Architecture 383

        ACI Policy Model 385

        Concerning EPGs 388

        Concerning Contracts 389

        Cisco APIC 391

        Fabric Management 392

        Integration 394

        Visibility 395

        A Peek into ACI’s Data Plane 396

        Integration with Virtual Machine Managers 398

    Around the Corner: OpenStack Neutron 399

        Further Reading 403

    Exam Preparation Tasks 404

    Review All the Key Topics 404

    Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory 404

    Define Key Terms 404

Chapter 12 Unified Computing 407

    “Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 407

    Foundation Topics 410

    Physical Servers in a Virtual World 410

        X86 Microarchitecture 411

        Physical Server Formats 413

    Server Provisioning Challenges 414

        Infrastructure Preparation 415

        Pre-Operating System Installation Operations 417

    Introducing the Cisco Unified Computing System 418

        UCS Fabric Interconnects 419

        UCS Manager 424

        UCS B-Series 426

        UCS C-Series 430

        UCS Virtual Interface Cards 432

    UCS Server Identity 436

        Building a Service Profile 437

        Policies 442

        Cloning 443

        Pools 444

        Templates 445

    UCS Central 449

    Cloud Computing and UCS 451

    Around the Corner: OpenStack Ironic 453

        Further Reading 453

    Exam Preparation Tasks 454

    Review All the Key Topics 454

    Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory 454

    Define Key Terms 454

Chapter 13 Cisco Cloud Infrastructure Portfolio 457

    “Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 457

    Foundation Topics 460

    Cisco MDS 9000 Series Multilayer Directors and Fabric Switches 460

    Cisco Nexus Data Center Switches 462

        Cisco Nexus 1000V Series Switches 462

        Cisco Nexus 1100 Cloud Services Platforms 463

        Cisco Nexus 2000 Series Fabric Extenders 464

        Cisco Nexus 3000 Series Switches 466

        Cisco Nexus 5000 Series Switches 469

        Cisco Nexus 7000 Series Switches 471

        Cisco Nexus 9000 Series Switches 475

    Cisco Prime Data Center Network Manager 478

    Cisco Unified Computing System 479

        Cisco UCS 6200 and 6300 Series Fabric Interconnects 480

        Cisco UCS 5100 Series Blade Server Chassis 481

        Cisco UCS 2200 Series Fabric Extenders 481

        Cisco UCS B-Series Blade Servers 482

        Cisco UCS C-Series Rack Servers 482

        Cisco UCS Invicta 483

        Cisco UCS M-Series Modular Servers 484

    Cisco Virtual Networking Services 486

        Cisco Adaptive Security Virtual Appliance 486

        Cisco Cloud Services Router 1000V 487

        Citrix NetScaler 1000V 488

        Cisco Virtual Wide-Area Application Services 489

        Virtual Security Gateway 490

    Exam Preparation Tasks 491

    Review All the Key Topics 491

    Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory 491

    Define Key Terms 491

Chapter 14 Integrated Infrastructures 493

    “Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 493

    Foundation Topics 497

    Modular Data Centers 497

        Pool of Devices 497

        Custom PODs vs. Integrated Infrastructures 501

    FlexPod 503

    Vblock 506

    VSPEX 508

    UCS Integrated Infrastructure for Red Hat OpenStack 510

    Around the Corner: Hyperconvergence 510

        Further Reading 512

    Before We Go 512

    Exam Preparation Tasks 514

    Review All the Key Topics 514

    Define Key Terms 514

Chapter 15 Final Preparation 517

    Tools for Final Preparation 517

        Pearson Cert Practice Test Engine and Questions 517

        Companion Website 517

        Pearson IT Certification Practice Test Engine and Questions 518

        Install the Software 518

        Activate and Download the Practice Exam 519

        Activating Other Exams 520

        Assessing Exam Readiness 520

        Premium Edition eBook and Practice Tests 520

        Premium Edition 520

        The Cisco Learning Network 520

        Memory Tables 521

        Chapter-Ending Review Tools 521

    Suggested Plan for Final Review/Study 521

        Using the Exam Engine 522

Summary 522

Glossary 523

Appendix A Answers to Pre-Assessments and Quizzes 541

Appendix B Memory Tables 545

Appendix C Answers to Memory Tables 563

9781587147005, TOC, 3.15.2016