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Routing and Switching Essentials v6 Course Booklet


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  • About
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  • A low-cost, text-only booklet of the course narrative for easy offline studying
  • Easy to read, highlight, and review on the go, wherever the Internet is not available.
  • Extracted directly from the online course, with headings that have exact page correlations to the online course
  • An icon system directs the reader to the online course to take full advantage of the images, labs, Packet Tracer activities, and dynamic activities

  • Copyright 2017
  • Dimensions: 8-1/2" x 10-7/8"
  • Pages: 272
  • Edition: 1st
  • Book
  • ISBN-10: 1-58713-427-6
  • ISBN-13: 978-1-58713-427-2

Routing and Switching Essentials v6 Course Booklet

Your Cisco Networking Academy Course Booklet is designed as a study resource you can easily read, highlight, and review on the go, wherever the Internet is not available or practical:

· The text is extracted directly, word-for-word, from the online course so you can highlight important points and take notes in the “Your Chapter Notes” section.

· Headings with the exact page correlations provide a quick reference to the online course for your classroom discussions and exam preparation.

· An icon system directs you to the online curriculum to take full advantage of the images embedded within the Networking Academy online course interface and reminds you to do the labs, interactive activities, packet tracer activities, watch videos, and take the chapter quizzes.

The Course Booklet is a basic, economical paper-based resource to help you succeed with the Cisco Networking Academy online course.

Related titles:

Routing and Switching Essentials v6 Companion Guide

book: 978-1-58713-428-9

eBook: 978-0-13-466965-6

Routing & Switching Essentials v6 Labs & Study Guide

book: 978-1-58713-426-5

CCNA Routing and Switching Portable Command Guide, Fourth Edition

book: 978-1-58720-588-0

eBook: 978-0-13-446617-0

Table of Contents

Chapter 0 Course Introduction 1

0.0 Welcome to Routing and Switching Essentials 1

0.0.1 Message to the Student 1 Welcome 1 A Global Community 1 More Than Just Information 1 How We Teach 2 Practice Leads to Mastery 2 Mind Wide Open 2 Engineering Journals 2 Explore the World of Networking 2 Create Your Own Worlds 2 How Packet Tracer Helps Master Concepts 3 Course Overview 3

Chapter 1 Routing Concepts 5

1.0 Introduction 5 Routing Concepts 5 Activity Do We Really Need a Map? 5

1.1 Router Initial Configuration 6

1.1.1 Router Functions 6 Characteristics of a Network 6 Why Routing? 7 Routers Are Computers 7 Routers Interconnect Networks 8 Routers Choose Best Paths 8 Packet Forwarding Mechanisms 9 Activity Identify Router Components 10 Packet Tracer Using Traceroute to Discover the Network 10 Lab Mapping the Internet 10

1.1.2 Connect Devices 10 Connect to a Network 10 Default Gateways 11 Document Network Addressing 12 Enable IP on a Host 12 Device LEDs 13 Console Access 13 Enable IP on a Switch 14 Activity Document an Addressing Scheme 14 Packet Tracer Documenting the Network 14

1.1.3 Router Basic Settings 14 Configure Basic Router Settings 14 Configure an IPv4 Router Interface 15 Configure an IPv6 Router Interface 15 Configure an IPv4 Loopback Interface 16 Packet Tracer Configuring IPv4 and IPv6 Interfaces 17

1.1.4 Verify Connectivity of Directly Connected Networks 17 Verify Interface Settings 17 Verify IPv6 Interface Settings 18 Filter Show Command Output 19 Command History Feature 19 Packet Tracer Configuring and Verifying a Small Network 20 Lab Configuring Basic Router Settings with IOS CLI 20

1.2 Routing Decisions 20

1.2.1 Switching Packets Between Networks 20 Router Switching Function 20 Send a Packet 21 Forward to the Next Hop 21 Packet Routing 22 Reach the Destination 23 Activity Match Layer 2 and Layer 3 Addressing 23

1.2.2 Path Determination 23 Routing Decisions 23 Best Path 24 Load Balancing 24 Administrative Distance 25 Activity Order the Steps in the Packet Forwarding Process 25 Activity Match the Administrative Distance to the Route Source 25

1.3 Router Operation 25

1.3.1 Analyze the Routing Table 25 The Routing Table 25 Routing Table Sources 26 Remote Network Routing Entries 27 Activity Interpret the Content of a Routing Table Entry 27

1.3.2 Directly Connected Routes 27 Directly Connected Interfaces 27 Directly Connected Routing Table Entries 27 Directly Connected Examples 28 Directly Connected IPv6 Example 28 Packet Tracer Investigating Directly Connected Routes 29

1.3.3 Statically Learned Routes 29 Static Routes 29 Static Route Examples 29 Static IPv6 Route Examples 30

1.3.4 Dynamic Routing Protocols 31 Dynamic Routing 31 IPv4 Routing Protocols 31 IPv4 Dynamic Routing Examples 31 IPv6 Routing Protocols 32 IPv6 Dynamic Routing Examples 32

1.4 Summary 32 Activity We Really Could Use a Map! 32 Routing Concepts 33

Chapter 2 Static Routing 35

2.0 Introduction 35 Static Routing 35 Activity Which Way Should We Go 35

2.1 Implement Static Routes 36

2.1.1 Static Routing 36 Reach Remote Networks 36 Why Use Static Routing? 36 When to Use Static Routes 37 Activity Identify the Advantages and Disadvantages of Static Routing 37

2.1.2 Types of Static Routes 37 Static Route Applications 37 Standard Static Route 38 Default Static Route 38 Summary Static Route 38 Floating Static Route 38 Activity Identify the Type of Static Route 39

2.2 Configure Static and Default Routes 39

2.2.1 Configure IPv4 Static Routes 39 ip route Command 39 Next-Hop Options 40 Configure a Next-Hop Static Route 40 Configure a Directly Connected Static Route 41 Configure a Fully Specified Static Route 41 Verify a Static Route 42

2.2.2 Configure IPv4 Default Routes 43 Default Static Route 43 Configure a Default Static Route 43 Verify a Default Static Route 43 Packet Tracer Configuring IPv4 Static and Default Routes 44 Lab Configuring IPv4 Static and Default Routes 44

2.2.3 Configure IPv6 Static Routes 44 The ipv6 route Command 44 Next-Hop Options 44 Configure a Next-Hop Static IPv6 Route 45 Configure a Directly Connected Static IPv6 Route 46 Configure a Fully Specified Static IPv6 Route 46 Verify IPv6 Static Routes 47

2.2.4 Configure IPv6 Default Routes 47 Default Static IPv6 Route 47 Configure a Default Static IPv6 Route 47 Verify a Default Static Route 48 Packet Tracer Configuring IPv6 Static and Default Routes 48 Lab Configuring IPv6 Static and Default Routes 48

2.2.5 Configure Floating Static Routes 48 Floating Static Routes 48 Configure an IPv4 Floating Static Route 49 Test the IPv4 Floating Static Route 49 Configure an IPv6 Floating Static Route 49 Packet Tracer Configuring Floating Static Routes 50

2.2.6 Configure Static Host Routes 50 Automatically Installed Host Routes 50 Configure IPv4 and IPv6 Static Host Routes 50

2.3 Troubleshoot Static and Default Route 51

2.3.1 Packet Processing with Static Routes 51 Static Routes and Packet Forwarding 51

2.3.2 Troubleshoot IPv4 Static and Default Route Configuration 51 Troubleshoot a Missing Route 51 Solve a Connectivity Problem 52 Packet Tracer Troubleshooting Static Routes 53 Lab Troubleshooting Static Routes 53

2.4 Summary 53 Activity Make It Static 53 Static Routing 54

Chapter 3 Dynamic Routing 57

3.0 Introduction 57 Dynamic Routing 57 How Much Does This Cost 57

3.1 Dynamic Routing Protocols 58

3.1.1 Dynamic Routing Protocol Overview 58 Dynamic Routing Protocol Evolution 58 Dynamic Routing Protocol Components 59

3.1.2 Dynamic versus Static Routing 59 Static Routing Uses 59 Static Routing Advantages and Disadvantages 60 Dynamic Routing Protocols Uses 60 Dynamic Routing Advantages and Disadvantages 60 Activity Compare Static and Dynamic Routing 60

3.2 RIPv2 61

3.2.1 Configuring the RIP Protocol 61 Router RIP Configuration Mode 61 Advertise Networks 61 Verify RIP Routing 62 Enable and Verify RIPv2 62 Disable Auto Summarization 63 Configure Passive Interfaces 63 Propagate a Default Route 64 Packet Tracer Configuring RIPv2 64 Lab Configuring Basic RIPv2 64

3.3 The Routing Table 64

3.3.1 Parts of an IPv4 Route Entry 64 Routing Table Entries 64 Directly Connected Entries 65 Remote Network Entries 66 Activity Identify Parts of an IPv4 Routing Table Entry 66

3.3.2 Dynamically Learned IPv4 Routes 66 Routing Table Terms 66 Ultimate Route 66 Level 1 Route 67 Level 1 Parent Route 67 Level 2 Child Route 67 Activity Identify Parent and Child IPv4 Routes 67

3.3.3 The IPv4 Route Lookup Process 67 Route Lookup Process 67 Best Route = Longest Match 68 Activity Determine the Longest Match Route 69

3.3.4 Analyze an IPv6 Routing Table 69 IPv6 Routing Table Entries 69 Directly Connected Entries 69 Remote IPv6 Network Entries 70 Activity Identify Parts of an IPv6 Routing Table Entry 70

3.4 Summary 70 IPv6 Details, Details... 70 Dynamic Routing 71

Chapter 4 Switched Networks 73

4.0 Introduction 73 Switched Networks 73 Sent or Received Instructions 73

4.1 LAN Design 74

4.1.1 Converged Networks 74 Growing Complexity of Networks 74 Elements of a Converged Network 74 Cisco Borderless Networks 75 Hierarchy in the Borderless Switched Network 75 Access, Distribution, and Core Layers 76 Activity - Identify Switched Network Terminology 77

4.1.2 Switched Networks 77 Role of Switched Networks 77 Form Factors 77 Activity - Identify Switch Hardware 78

4.2 The Switched Environment 78

4.2.1 Frame Forwarding 78 Switching as a General Concept in Networking and Telecommunications 78 Dynamically Populating a Switch MAC Address Table 79 Switch Forwarding Methods 80 Store-and-Forward Switching 80 Cut-Through Switching 81 Activity Frame Forwarding Methods 81 Activity Switch It! 81

4.2.2 Switching Domains 81 Collision Domains 81 Broadcast Domains 82 Alleviating Network Congestion 82 Activity Circle the Domain 83

4.3 Summary 83 It's Network Access Time 83 Basic Switch Configurations 83 Switched Networks 83

Chapter 5 Switch Configuration 87

5.0 Introduction 87 Switch Configuration 87 Activity Stand By Me 87

5.1 Basic Switch Configuration 88

5.1.1 Configure a Switch with Initial Settings 88 Switch Boot Sequence 88 Recovering From a System Crash 89 Switch LED Indicators 89 Preparing for Basic Switch Management 90 Configuring Basic Switch Management Access with IPv4 91 Lab - Basic Switch Configuration 91

5.1.2 Configure Switch Ports 92 Duplex Communication 92 Configure Switch Ports at the Physical Layer 92 Auto-MDIX 93 Verifying Switch Port Configuration 93 Network Access Layer Issues 94 Troubleshooting Network Access Layer Issues 95

5.2 Switch Security 96

5.2.1 Secure Remote Access 96 SSH Operation 96 Configuring SSH 96 Verifying SSH 97 Packet Tracer - Configuring SSH 98

5.2.2 Switch Port Security 98 Secure Unused Ports 98 Port Security: Operation 98 Port Security: Violation Modes 100 Port Security: Configuring 100 Port Security: Verifying 100 Ports in Error Disabled State 101 Packet Tracer - Configuring Switch Port Security 101 Packet Tracer - Troubleshooting Switch Port Security 101 Lab - Configuring Switch Security Features 102

5.3 Summary 102 Activity Switch Trio 102 Packet Tracer - Skills Integration Challenge 102 Switch Configuration 102

Chapter 6 VLANs 107

6.0 Introduction 107 VLANs 107 Class Activity Vacation Station 107

6.1 VLAN Segmentation 108

6.1.1 Overview of VLANs 108 VLAN Definitions 108 Benefits of VLANs 108 Types of VLANs 109 Voice VLANs 110 Packet Tracer Who Hears the Broadcast? 111

6.1.2 VLANs in a Multi-Switched Environment 111 VLAN Trunks 111 Controlling Broadcast Domains with VLANs 111 Tagging Ethernet Frames for VLAN Identification 112 Native VLANs and 802.1Q Tagging 113 Voice VLAN Tagging 113 Activity Predict Switch Behavior 114 Packet Tracer Investigating a VLAN Implementation 114

6.2 VLAN Implementations 114

6.2.1 VLAN Assignment 114 VLAN Ranges on Catalyst Switches 114 Creating a VLAN 115 Assigning Ports to VLANs 116 Changing VLAN Port Membership 116 Deleting VLANs 117 Verifying VLAN Information 117 Packet Tracer Configuring VLANs 117

6.2.2 VLAN Trunks 118 Configuring IEEE 802.1Q Trunk Links 118 Resetting the Trunk to Default State 118 Verifying Trunk Configuration 119 Packet Tracer Configuring Trunks 119 Lab Configuring VLANs and Trunking 119

6.2.3 Troubleshoot VLANs and Trunks 119 IP Addressing Issues with VLAN 119 Missing VLANs 120 Introduction to Troubleshooting Trunks 120 Common Problems with Trunks 121 Incorrect Port Mode 121 Incorrect VLAN List 122 Packet Tracer Troubleshooting a VLAN Implementation Scenario 1 122 Packet Tracer Troubleshooting a VLAN

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