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IP Routing in the LAN

Chapter Description

In this sample chapter from CCNA 200-301 Official Cert Guide, Volume 1, Wendell Odom discusses the configuration and verification steps related to three methods of routing between VLANs with three major sections: VLAN Routing with Router 802.1Q Trunks, VLAN Routing with Layer 3 Switch SVIs, and VLAN Routing with Layer 3 Switch Routed Ports.

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CCNA 200-301 Official Cert Guide, Volume 1

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Command References

Tables 17-4 and 17-5 list configuration and verification commands used in this chapter. As an easy review exercise, cover the left column in a table, read the right column, and try to recall the command without looking. Then repeat the exercise, covering the right column, and try to recall what the command does.

Table 17-4 Chapter 17 Configuration Command Reference

Command

Description

interface type number.subint

Router global command to create a subinterface and to enter configuration mode for that subinterface

encapsulation dot1q vlan-id [native]

Router subinterface subcommand that tells the router to use 802.1Q trunking, for a particular VLAN, and with the native keyword, to not encapsulate in a trunking header

[no] ip routing

Global command that enables (ip routing) or disables (no ip routing) the routing of IPv4 packets on a router or Layer 3 switch

interface vlan vlan-id

A switch global command on a Layer 3 switch to create a VLAN interface and to enter configuration mode for that VLAN interface

sdm prefer lanbase-routing

Command on some Cisco switches that reallocates forwarding chip memory to allow for an IPv4 routing table

[no] switchport

Layer 3 switch subcommand that makes the port act as a Layer 2 port (switchport) or Layer 3 routed port (no switchport)

interface port-channel channel-number

A switch command to enter PortChannel configuration mode and also to create the PortChannel if not already created

channel-group channel-number mode {auto | desirable | active | passive | on}

Interface subcommand that enables EtherChannel on the interface

Table 17-5 Chapter 17 EXEC Command Reference

Command

Description

show ip route

Lists the router’s entire routing table

show ip route [connected]

Lists a subset of the IP routing table

show vlans

Lists VLAN configuration and statistics for VLAN trunks configured on routers

show interfaces [interface type number]

Lists detailed status and statistical information, including IP address and mask, about all interfaces (or the listed interface only)

show interfaces [interface type number] status

Among other facts, for switch ports, lists the access VLAN or the fact that the interface is a trunk; or, for routed ports, lists “routed”

show interfaces interface-id switchport

For switch ports, lists information about any interface regarding administrative settings and operational state; for routed ports, the output simply confirms the port is a routed (not switched) port

show interfaces vlan number

Lists the interface status, the switch’s IPv4 address and mask, and much more

show etherchannel [channel-group-number] summary

Lists information about the state of EtherChannels on this switch, including whether the channel is a Layer 2 or Layer 3 EtherChannel

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