Section 1: Bridging and Switching (15 Points)
Section 1.1: Frame Relay Configuration (6 points)
Configure the Frame Relay portion of the network as shown in Figure 1-8; ensure that DLCIs 110 and 104 between R1-R6 are not used.
The question clearly states that DLCIs 110 and 104 are not to be used; you must, therefore, disable inverse-arp on the routers. It is good practice to ensure that all routers do not rely on inverse-arp so if you have configured no frame-relay inverse-arp under routers R1,R4 and R6 serial interfaces 0/0, you have scored 2 points.
If you experience difficulties and can not clear any dynamic map entries, reload your routers to remove these, a drastic measure but every point counts.
The routers are to be on the same subnet and should be configured with subinterfaces.
R4 will need to be a multipoint subinterface to accommodate both R1 and R6 on the same subnet; R1 and R6 only have PVCs to R4, hence, they will require point-to-point subinterfaces. R4 will require manual frame-relay map statements pointing to both R1 and R6 as inverse arp is disabled. The maps require the broadcast keyword as RIP will multicast the routing updates over the PVCs. It should be apparent that when RIP is run over a multipoint interface, split horizon will be enabled by default and routing updates from R6 into R1 will never be propagated by the hub router R4 because of the rule of not advertising a network that was received on the same interface; R4 will, therefore, require no ip split-horizon configured under its Frame Relay interface. If you have configured all items correctly as in Example 1-1 through Example 1-3, you have scored 4 points, unfortunately no marks if you have omitted anything.
For clarity only, the required configuration details will be listed to answer the specific questions instead of full final configurations.
Example 1-1 R4 Initial Frame Relay Solution Configuration
interface Serial0/0 no ip address encapsulation frame-relay no frame-relay inverse-arp ! interface Serial0/0.1 multipoint ip address 10.100.100.3 255.255.255.240 no ip split-horizon frame-relay map ip 10.100.100.1 100 broadcast frame-relay map ip 10.100.100.2 102 broadcast
Example 1-2 R1 Initial Frame Relay Solution Configuration
interface Serial0/1 no ip address encapsulation frame-relay no frame-relay inverse-arp ! interface Serial0/1.101 point-to-point ip address 10.100.100.1 255.255.255.240 frame-relay interface-dlci 101
Example 1-3 R6 Initial Frame Relay Solution Configuration
interface Serial5/0 no ip address encapsulation frame-relay no frame-relay inverse-arp ! interface Serial5/0.103 point-to-point ip address 10.100.100.2 255.255.255.240 frame-relay interface-dlci 103
Section 1.2: 3550 LAN Switch Configuration (6 Points)
Configure VLAN numbers, VLAN names, and port assignment as per the topology diagram as shown in Figure 1-10.
The switch in this instance is isolated but you can still use the default mode of VTP Server. From the VLAN database, add the required VLANs and name them accordingly; you should note that you can not change the VLAN name of VLAN1. You must ensure that the port speed and duplex is fixed to 100 Mbps and full duplex, if your routers support this; leaving your ports in auto mode could cause connectivity problems. If you have configured these items correctly as in Example 1-4, you have scored 2 points.
Example 1-4 3550 Switch1 Initial Configuration
Switch1#vlan database Switch1(vlan)#vlan 2 name VLAN2 VLAN 2 modified: Name: VLAN2 Switch1(vlan)#vlan 3 name VLAN3 VLAN 3 modified: Name: VLAN3 Switch1(vlan)#vlan 4 name VLAN4 VLAN 4 modified: Name: VLAN4 Switch1(vlan)#vlan 5 name VLAN5 VLAN 5 modified: Name: VLAN5 Switch1(vlan)#exit APPLY completed. Exiting.... interface FastEthernet0/1 switchport access vlan 2 switchport mode access no ip address duplex full speed 100 ! interface FastEthernet0/2 switchport mode access no ip address duplex full speed 100 ! interface FastEthernet0/3 switchport mode access no ip address duplex full speed 100 ! interface FastEthernet0/4 switchport access vlan 3 switchport mode access no ip address duplex full speed 100 ! interface FastEthernet0/5 switchport access vlan 4 switchport mode access no ip address duplex full speed 100 ! interface FastEthernet0/6 switchport access vlan 2 switchport mode access no ip address duplex full speed 100 ! interface FastEthernet0/7 switchport access vlan 5 switchport mode access no ip address duplex full speed 100 ! interface FastEthernet0/8 switchport access vlan 2 switchport mode access no ip address duplex full speed 100 ! interface FastEthernet0/9 switchport access vlan 5 switchport mode access no ip address duplex full speed 100
The VLAN configuration is completed under vlan database.
There is to be a host connected on interface 0/16 in the future; the network administrator requires that this host is authenticated by a radius server before access to the switch is granted. The radius server is to be located on the IP address 172.16.100.100 with the key radius14.
This question calls for 802.1X Authentication before a port is granted access to the switch and network. If configured correctly as in Example 1-5, you have scored 3 points.
Example 1-5 802.1X Switch Configuration
aaa new-model aaa authentication dot1x default group radius ! interface FastEthernet0/16 switchport mode access no ip address dot1x port-control auto ! radius-server host 172.16.100.100 auth-port 1812 key radius14
Ensure the switch is reachable via Telnet to the IP address of 10.80.80.8/24.
Configure VLAN2 with the IP address of 10.80.80.8 255.255.255.0. The switch will also need a default-gateway configured; you could use 10.80.80.2 or 10.80.80.1 here. The previous question requires that you enable AAA. Enabling AAA prompts you for a username when you telnet to the switch from one of your routers. To ensure typical access to the preconfigured line and to ensure that the enable password is used for telnet access to the switch, you should add the aaa authentication login default enable authentication configuration onto the switch.
Example 1-6 Switch1 Management IP Configuration
aaa authentication login default enable enable password cisco ! interface Vlan2 ip address 10.80.80.8 255.255.255.0 ! ip default-gateway 10.80.80.2 ! line con 0 password cisco line vty 0 15 password cisco
Section 1.3: ATM Configuration (3 Points)
Configure the ATM network as shown in Figure 1-12.
Use a subinterface on R6 for the ATM matching the VCI number and ensure the latest method of PVC configuration is used on this router. For R5 ATM, use the physical interface and legacy PVC configuration; after you have configured your Layer 2 information, you may then add the Layer 3 addresses.
Do not rely on inverse ARP.
R6 requires a point-to-point subinterface named ATM1/0.99 with the PVC details configured under the separate PVC; R5 requires the legacy style with the map-list to achieve the PVC connectivity in this back-to-back configuration. The map-list, ip 10.99.99.1 atm-vc 1 broadcast, and protocol ip 10.99.99.2 commands ensure that inverse-arp is not relied upon.
You can use whichever encapsulation suits the three tasks in Section 1.3 as it has not been defined which type must be used.
If you have successfully configured all items as in Example 1-7 and Example 1-8, you have scored 3 points.
Example 1-7 R6 ATM Configuration and Map Verification
interface ATM1/0 no ip address no atm ilmi-keepalive ! interface ATM1/0.99 point-to-point ip address 10.99.99.1 255.255.255.248 pvc 0/99 protocol ip 10.99.99.2 broadcast encapsulation aal5snap R6#show atm map Map list ATM1/0.99pvc1 : PERMANENT ip 10.99.99.2 maps to VC 1, VPI 0, VCI 99, ATM1/0.99 , broadcast
Example 1-8 R6 ATM Configuration and Map Verification
interface ATM3/0 ip address 10.99.99.2 255.255.255.248 map-group atm atm pvc 1 0 99 aal5snap no atm ilmi-keepalive ! map-list atm ip 10.99.99.1 atm-vc 1 broadcast R5#show atm map Map list atm : PERMANENT ip 10.99.99.1 maps to VC 1 , broadcast