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IPv6 Address Representation and Address Types

Chapter Description

In this chapter from IPv6 Fundamentals: A Straightforward Approach to Understanding IPv6, 2nd Edition, author Rick Graziani examines all the different types of IPv6 addresses in the unicast, multicast, and anycast categories.



RFC 1546, Host Anycasting Service, C. Partridge, www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc1543.txt, November 1993.

RFC 1918, Address Allocation for Private Internets, Y. Rekhter, Cisco Systems, www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc1918.txt, February 1996.

RFC 2373, IP Version 6 Addressing Architecture, R. Hinden, Nokia, www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2373.txt, July 1998.

RFC 2374, An IPv6 Aggregatable Global Unicast Address Format, R. Hinden, Nokia, www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2374.txt, July 1998.

RFC 2375, IPv6 Multicast Address Assignments, R. Hinden, Ipsilon Networks, www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2375.txt, July 1998.

RFC 2526, Reserved IPv6 Subnet Anycast Addresses, D. Johnson, Carnegie Mellon University, www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2526.txt, March 1998.

RFC 2993, Architectural Implications of NAT, T. Hain, Microsoft, www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2993.txt, November 2000.

RFC 3306, Unicast-Prefix-Based IPv6 Multicast Addresses, B. Haberman, www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3306.txt, August 2002.

RFC 3513, Internet Protocol Version 6 (IPv6) Addressing Architecture, R. Hinden, Nokia, www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3513.txt, April 2003.

RFC 3587, IPv6 Global Unicast Address Format, R. Hinden, Nokia, www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3587.txt, March 2005.

RFC 4038 Application Aspects of IPv6 Transition, M-K Shin, ETRI/NIST, www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc4038.txt, August 2003.

RFC 4193, Unique Local IPv6 Unicast Addresses, R. Hinden, Nokia, www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc4193.txt, October 2005.

RFC 4291, IP Version 6 Addressing Architecture, R. Hinden, Nokia, www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc4291.txt, February 2006.

RFC 4861, Neighbor Discovery for IP version 6 (IPv6), Y. Narten, IMB, www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc4861.txt, September 2007.

RFC 4864, Local Network Protection for IPv6, G. Van de Velde, www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc4864.txt, May 2007.

RFC 5902, IAB Thoughts on IPv6 Network Address Translation, D. Thaler, www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc5902.txt, July 2010.

RFC 5952, A Recommendation for IPv6 Address Text Representation, S. Kawamura, NEC Biglobe, Ltd., www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc5952.txt, August 2010.

RFC 6296, IPv6-to-IPv6 Network Prefix Translation, M. Wasserman, Painless Security, www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc6296.txt, June 2011.

IPv6-to-IPv6 Network Address Translation (NAT66), draft-mrw-behave-nat66-02.txt, M. Wasserman, Sandstorm Enterprises, tools.ietf.org/html/draft-mrw-behave-nat66-02, November 2008.


IANA, Internet Protocol Version 6 Address Space, www.iana.org/assignments/ipv6-address-space/ipv6-address-space.txt

IANA, IPv6 Global Unicast Address Assignments, www.iana.org/assignments/ipv6-unicast-address-assignments/ipv6-unicast-address-assignments.xml

Ed Horley’s blog, www.howfunky.com, an excellent resource for IPv6.


Practical IPv6 for Windows Administrators, by Ed Horley, Apress, December 2013.

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